Posted by: carboncreditsusa | December 27, 2008

Chinese Company “BYD” Now Selling F3DM Plug-In Electric Hybrid Vehicle For $22,000 That Uses Proprietary “Iron Ferrous” Batteries

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“…BYD’s F3DM just went on sale in China on December 15, 2008, nearly two years ahead of GM’s competing Volt technology, and Toyota’s own nascent plug-in hybrid efforts. Perhaps more disconcerting to its larger competitors, the car is being sold for less than $22,000, a fraction of what the Volt is likely to sell for when it hits the market in late 2010…”

“…cheaply build a high-power electric car battery pack. Installed in the company’s F3 sedan and mated to a gasoline engine generator, hence the term ‘dual mode’, the F3DM is the first commercially mass produced range extended electric car. In ‘electric-first’ ™ driving mode, the four passenger car can travel 100 km (62 miles) before the gasoline engine turns to supply electricity to propel the car another 380 km (236 mi.) beyond the initial range of its still-secret battery pack, it it a total driving range of nearly 300 miles…”

“…The battery utilizes a proprietary iron ferrous (Fe) chemistry that “can deliver twice the voltage” of NiMH batteries, yet costs less than competing energy storage systems. According to BYD, the battery is thermally stable, contains no hazardous materials and should give long cycle life, as well as be temperature tolerant. It estimates the battery is good for some 2000 charging cycles or the equivalent of 600,000 miles…”

http://www.evworld.com/article.cfm?storyid=1604

If their F3DM (dual mode) plug-in electric car lives up to its promise, BYD (Build Your Dream) will have solved the problem of how to cheaply build a high-power electric car battery pack. Installed in the company’s F3 sedan and mated to a gasoline engine generator, hence the term ‘dual mode’, the F3DM is the first commercially mass produced range extended electric car. In ‘electric-first‘ ™ driving mode, the four passenger car can travel 100 km (62 miles) before the gasoline engine turns to supply electricity to propel the car another 380 km (236 mi.) beyond the initial range of its still-secret battery pack, it it a total driving range of nearly 300 miles. Recharge time can be as little as 10 minutes. The car boasts two separate charging ports, one for common 110 household current, the second for quick-charging from high-voltage and amperage charging stations.

It is that pack, dubbed ETpower by the company, that is the heart of both the F3DM, the F3e — an all-electric version — and the future, larger F6DM model. The battery utilizes a proprietary iron ferrous (Fe) chemistry that “can deliver twice the voltage” of NiMH batteries, yet costs less than competing energy storage systems. According to BYD, the battery is thermally stable, contains no hazardous materials and should give long cycle life, as well as be temperature tolerant. It estimates the battery is good for some 2000 charging cycles or the equivalent of 600,000 miles, a claim that, if substantiated, will be the ‘game changer’ the electric car industry has been searching for for more than a century.

Installed in the F3e, the company claims the battery will allow the car to do 0-100km in 8 seconds and travel 300 km (186 miles). Beyond this scant amount of information, the company is — quite reasonably, if frustratingly — revealing little else about their technology.
Started in 1995, BYD is best known in China for making lithium batteries, cellphones, cameras and other components for the likes of Nokia, Motorola and Sony, gaining invaluable, high-quality manufacturing experience in the process. The company bought Qinchuan, a small state-owned car company five years ago and assigned some 500 engineers to work on developing electric car technology.

It was about this time a little known Polish professor named Antoni Szynmanowski was lecturing at Beijing’s Technical University about hybrid vehicles. His scholarly tome on the subject had sold maybe a 1000 copies in Europe, he told me at the time. Translated into Chinese, it had sold 10,000 copies. Presumably, some of those copies and engineering graduates found their way to BYD.

BYD’s F3DM just went on sale in China on December 15, 2008, nearly two years ahead of GM’s competing Volt technology, and Toyota’s own nascent plug-in hybrid efforts. Perhaps more disconcerting to its larger competitors, the car is being sold for less than $22,000, a fraction of what the Volt is likely to sell for when it hits the market in late 2010. How much the cost of the car, if any, is being subsidized by the government isn’t known. When the Volt goes on sale, it will come with a $7,500 tax credit, courtesy of Congress. States like Oregon are also proposing additional tax incentives for plug-in cars. BYD expects to begin North American sales in 2011.

On September 29, 2008 MidAmerican Energy Holdings, a division of Berkshire Hathaway invested $230 million in BYD, taking approximately a 10 percent share in the company.

 

 

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Responses

  1. I hope the BYD’s batteries are as good as touted. If so they are on a winner. In reading other reports/blogs it appears the 3 big US car companies feared losing revenue on maintenance of their engines, support etc and hence the zero priority on EVs. Pretty short sighted view and their eventual demise will not be missed. Unfortunately in the US too many issues are decided by lobbies – oil lobby, automotive etc etc all to maintain current position or to stop new ideas getting off the ground. Look at global warming & what the Bush administration did to deny and prevent discussion on the issue. We are like the proverbial frog being cooked in the slowly warming pot of water! Good luck to BYD and all other EV companies.

  2. How can I buy one of these electric hybrid cars?
    I live in Michigan. Are there any local dealers?


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